The Interactive Association Between Sodium Intake, Alcohol Consumption And Hypertension Among Elderly In Northern China

Studies have shown that physical conditioning is beneficial in lowering the BP through suppression of weight gain in chronic ethanol treated hypertensive rats. Physical conditioning attenuates the chronic ethanol-induced hypertension by augmenting the NO bioavailability and reducing the oxidative stress response in rats. Several studies reported increased sympathetic nervous system activation and discharge of sympathetic amines after alcohol consumption. Alcohol may cause hypertension by affecting the autonomic nervous system. However, Alcohol detoxification alterations in the sympatho-adrenal function that occur during ageing may cause older people to have a different reaction to factors triggering their autonomic system than do younger individuals. The increased sympathetic outflow is expected not only to induce adrenoreceptor-mediated reactions but to stimulate oxidation reactions. Direct recordings of sympathetic-nerve activity suggest that short-term alcohol ingestion in humans and both short and long-term administration of ethanol in rats stimulates sympathetic-nerve discharge.

This makes your blood sugar low as long as the alcohol keeps impacting your liver’s normal function. Insulin allows the cells in the muscles, fat, and liver to absorb glucose that is in the blood. If you’ve just eaten, your blood sugar levels will go up, and then they’ll go back down. But if you have diabetes, your blood sugar blood pressure and alcohol levels are above normal and would need to be managed. Blood sugar, also referred to as blood glucose, is sugar that is transferred to the cells through the bloodstream. A person’s blood sugar is the concentration of sugar in the blood at a specific time. Our body regulates our blood sugar levels by the foods we consume.

The goal of reducing abusive alcohol consumption is compromised by this increase. The sample size was calculated using a 19.15% prevalence of hypertension as reported in the fifth health service survey in Inner Mongolia, error of 3%, a design effect of three and a non-response rate of 10%. In total, 820 individuals over 55 years old participated in the study. This survey was approved by the Ethical Committee of the National Institute for Nutrition and Food Safety of the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Participation in this survey entailed no treatments or interventions that could impact the health of participants. All participants provided written informed consent before the start of the investigation. Usually, a person’s blood pressure will drop within days or months once they stop drinking.

How Does Alcohol Affect Blood Sugar??

Although some of those effects can occur without alcohol consumption, avoiding alcohol helps decrease the risks. Some studies have already assessed how alcohol intake can affect blood pressure. However, it is still unclear whether interventions to reduce alcohol intake can also modify blood pressure. Eating bland foods with complex carbohydrates, such as toast or crackers. You’re also more likely to have memory, concentration and coordination problems when you have a hangover.

  • Husain K. Vascular endothelial oxidative stress in alcohol-induced hypertension.
  • The unit of measurement for blood pressure is millimeters of mercury .
  • Over the past 3 decades, the number of people living with hypertension has doubled worldwide, and a new study also suggests that more than half of people…

This association is of concerning because the SBP exerts higher influence on cardiovascular risk than DBP and thus becomes important, since it demonstrates the need for other possible approaches to reduce BP levels. Inner Mongolia’s less-developed economy and medical care system and the region’s residents’ lack of awareness regarding health care have resulted in poor public health conditions related to hypertension .

Alcohol: Does It Affect Blood Pressure?

The best way to prevent alcohol-induced hypertension is by reducing your alcohol intake. This not only helps you lower your blood pressure , but also helps lower your risk of hypertension in the long run. Alcohol not only affects your blood pressure levels, but also interacts with your blood pressure medications and either increases levels of these drugs or causes side effects.

A new study has found an association between alcohol and a substantially higher risk of several forms of cancer, including breast, colon, and oral cancers. Experts say higher stress, less time for exercise, and eating habits are factors that have caused blood pressure to rise during the COVID-19 pandemic. If you’re overweight or obese, your heart has to work harder to pump blood throughout your body. If you’ve been diagnosed with hypertension, you probably don’t need to cut out coffee. With that said, it might not be the best time to start drinking coffee if you don’t already. But this effect may be less pronounced among regular coffee drinkers. But one of prune juice’s lesser-known health benefits is that it also lowers blood pressure.

Study Design And Participants

The funders played no role in the design of this study, the collection, analysis and interpretation of data, or the preparation of the manuscript. Researchers say the findings could change prescribing practices for people with high blood pressure.

However, once a person goes through treatment and stops drinking alcohol, high blood pressure usually returns to normal levels. Heavy drinking, on the other hand, is linked to a number of poor health outcomes, including heart conditions.

What Else Should I Ask My Healthcare Provider?

The hard truth about alcohol and healthy blood pressure is that they don’t go together . According to a 2018 study and the World Health Organization, no amount of alcohol intake is safe, so any amount may be considered too much. Red wine contains an antioxidant called resveratrol, which some studies have shown reduces cholesterol and lowers blood pressure. Studies have shown a link between alcohol and hypertension, or high blood pressure.

Many speculate red wine can help prevent heart disease and other chronic diseases; is this true? Ethanol consumption starting increasingly earlier in the Brazilian population is of concern as well as the increase in the quantities of alcoholic beverages ingested by occasion . Early use of alcohol may be directly related to increased health and social problems arising from alcohol abuse in adulthood . The implications of these findings are contrary to the desired advances in the control of alcohol consumption.

Hypertension

The waist circumference was measured with the participant in an upright position breathing normally, with the feet together, the upper part of the dress erected and the arms crossed in front of the chest. The measurement was performed with an inextensible tape measure at the midpoint between the iliac crest and the lower edge of the costal arch . Discover a faster, simpler path to publishing in a high-quality journal. PLOS ONE promises fair, rigorous peer review, broad scope, and wide readership – a perfect fit for your research every time. Dr. Desai notes the dark chocolate should have high amounts of cocoa—aim for at least 70%—and should be low in sugar. “It’s likely that a compound in dark chocolate known as flavonoids releases a substance known as nitric oxide, which relaxes blood vessels,” says Dr. Mehta. Talk to your doctor before taking magnesium supplements, especially if you have kidney disease.

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For example, driving during a hangover can be dangerous or even deadly. Drinking water, juice, broth and other nonalcoholic beverages to reduce dehydration. If you have alcohol intolerance, you may have a genetic inability to process the acetaldehyde fast enough. You may feel the effects after drinking even a small amount of alcohol.

National Academy Of Sports Medicine

People who are worried about the effects of alcohol use and blood pressure should talk to a health care provider to get a blood pressure reading and learn more about their own personal risk of hypertension. People dealing with hypertension should also be aware that alcohol and blood pressure medications usually shouldn’t be mixed. Although there was no association between alcohol intake and BP in woman with moderate consumption, a greater difference was observed when the consumption was excessive. To keep blood pressure in check and prevent health problems, it’s best to drink alcohol moderately.

Most evidence supports a positive association between sodium intake and blood pressure , and the literatures on excessive alcohol consumption’s harmful effects on blood pressure level are also mostly consistent . However, little is known about the interactive effect of excessive sodium intake and drinking on hypertension in older adults. Even drinking in moderation may affect blood pressure for some people, but it is safer than binge drinking or heavy drinking. People who are worried about hypertension should be aware of alcohol consumption guidelines to make sure they are drinking within safe limits. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention defines moderate drinking as one drink per day for women and two drinks per day for men. People who are underage, pregnant or have a history of alcohol use disorder should avoid drinking altogether.

Therefore alcohol consumption needs a more robust regulation in view of its impact on population health. Anyone trying to quit drinking cold turkey can have dangerous levels of blood pressure from alcohol withdrawal. The safest way for someone to detox from alcohol is to go to a medical facility. Substance use professionals can help people gradually taper off of alcohol to prevent dangerous side effects. Doctors can also monitor people’s heart rate and blood pressure and provide life-saving measures if people suddenly experience extreme withdrawal symptoms.

If you have high blood pressure, talk to your doctor to find out what’s considered a safe level of alcohol consumption for you. In this article, we’ll take a deeper dive into 7 different types of drinks that may help lower your blood pressure. When blood pressure goes unchecked, it can lead to complications such as heart disease and stroke.

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